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[100초 상식] 100초만에 알아보는 마카오 (Macau) 상식 #상식 #지식 #마카오 #역사 #여행 #일국양제 #카지노 #베네시안_리조트


Shiny, glamorous, and luxurious hotels. Endlessly spinning roulette of the casino.
The Las Vegas of Asia, Macau. Macau became a colony of the Portuguese Empire in
1542, during the Ming dynasty, It was a center of Chinese export and import trade. After 400 years, when the second World War ended, the communist mainland China affected Macau as well, And the Portuguese government also gave up
a faraway colony by itself. In 1987, China and Portugal signed a joint declaration
that China would guarantee Macau’s own system. And on December 20th, 1999, Macau was
finally transferred to China from Portugal. Currently, Macau is
a special administrative region belonging to China, So it’s a territory of China, but similar to Hong Kong,
their independence of system is guaranteed, so they are quite separated from the mainland China. Macau can maintain its independent political and
economic system at least until 2049, They have a separate passport,
their currency is different, And in some international sports competition,
Macau can have its own representative team. When the Portuguese first occupied the land,
Macau was a mere small island, But after much sedimentation and reclamation work,
it gained more than 70% of their original territory. In area, the island is only half the size of Hong Kong, But the population density is one of
the world’s top with Monaco. 95% of the population is
the descendants of Han Chinese, And 2% of them are Portuguese Caucasian descent, and a small percentage of
immigrants are Philippines descent. The official language of
Macau is Cantonese and Portuguese. Both languages are used in
the official documents, books, and the sign posts. Macau has
the highest national income per capita in Asia, needless to say in
the greater China region or Southeast Asia. Until the 90’s, it had much smaller
economic power than its neighbor, Hong Kong, But after it was transferred to China, the new administrative branch fought corruption and
achieved advancement in many areas. It has good welfare and low unemployment, The weakness is that the industry that leads the national
economy is unified into tourism and casinos. Macau, the world’s largest casino city, has made a huge
leap forward, allowing gambling to revive the economy during a time when China’s trade center was
moving to Hong Kong. It surpassed Las Vegas in 2007 already, And the biggest casino in the world,
the Venetian Resort, is located in Macau as well.